How to Write a Bibliography

A bibliography is a list of materials used in creating a report or paper.  Information  for bibliographies is taken right from the source. The source is the book, magazine, encyclopedia or internet site you used. Look at the title page for the publisher, city, and author. Copyright information is usually found on the back side of the title page.                                                                                                                                       
The book or magazine title is always underlined in a bibliography.
If a citation (what you write down about your source) is more than one line long, indent the second line five spaces. 

Arrange the bibliography in alphabetical order, by the author's last name.
If there is no author listed, use the first word of the title (not "a," "an," or "the"). When there is more than one author, you may use the first author listed. 

A publisher is the company that produces the material. The "place" is the city where the publisher is located.  If the city of publication is not so famous, the name of the state or country is listed as well.
BOOK CITATIONS:

A citation is a source of information used in a report.  Bibliographic citations for books vary. These examples can help you write your bibliography for many types of book citations.

1. BOOK WITH ONE AUTHOR:                                                                           
Last Name, First Name. Title. Place: Publisher, Year.
The author is listed, last name first. The title is underlined. The city where the book is published is listed followed by a colon and the name of the publisher followed by a comma. The year the book is published is then listed followed by a period. Use the most recent copyright date. The city is usually found on the title page of the book. The copyright date is usually found on the back side of the title page.

2. A BOOK THAT HAS AN EDITOR:
Last Name, First Name, ed. Title. Place: Publisher, Year.
ENCYCLOPEDIA AND OTHER
REFERENCE BOOKS:                                         
The article title is the topic you looked up.. The author's name
(if there is one) can be found at the beginning or the end of the article. 
The article is placed after the author's name and put in quotation marks.
The the title of the encyclopedia is underlined.
                                                                                                                                      4. SIGNED ARTICLES: (An article that has an author listed)
Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Name of  Encyclopedia.                    Volume number. Place: Publisher, Year.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
5. UNSIGNED ARTICLES: (An article that does not have an author listed)
"Article Title." Encyclopedia Title. Volume number. City, State:     
    Publisher, Year.
MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS:       
When citing a magazine or newspapers [sometimes called periodicals],
use the following formats. Periodical articles may or may not have an author.

6. MAGAZINES:
Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Magazine Title.
    Place: Publisher, Month, Day, Year: Page numbers used.
The author's name is given first, the name of the article, then the name of the magazine, the date of the magazine, a colon and then the page number(s). If you used the whole magazine, you do not have to put pages. If there is no author, start with the article title.

7. NEWSPAPERS:
"Article Title." Newspaper Title. Month, Day, Year: Section Number
    Page Numbers Used.
If the article has an author, it is placed before the name of the article.
NON-BOOK SOURCES:                          

8. MOVIES:
Title. Director. (or host or narrator) Videocassette. Publisher,
    (or Vendor) Year.
The title of the videocassette is listed first. The person who is credited on the box (the director, host, or narrator) is listed second. The type of media (a videocassette, film, or filmstrip) is listed next. The publisher and the year published are listed last.

9. CD-ROM
"Article Title." Name of CD. CD-ROM. Place: Publisher, Year.
                                                                                                                                 
10. WORLD WIDE WEB/INTERNET:
Last Name, First Name. Title of Home Page. Date. (use the date that you found the website)  < http://www.website.address>
If the website has not author (most of them don't), use the sponsoring organization if there is one. If there is none, start with title, underlined. Then put the day, month and year that you used the website. Last comes the www address set inside caret marks < >.

11. INTERVIEW:
Last Name, First Name. (of the person being interviewed) Interviewed by
(If you did the interview by phone, write Phone Interview by) Your First Name and Last  Name. City, State. (where you did the interview) Date. (when you did the interview)                                                                                                          
HERE'S WHAT A BIBLIOGRAPHY LOOKS LIKE:
Below is a sample of what a finished bibliography looks like. They are numbered to make it easier for you to copy the sample but do not use numbers in your own bibliography. The kind of citations shown are (in order):
1. Book (with one author)
2. Book (with editor)
3. Book with no author
4. Encyclopedia (with author)
5. Encyclopedia (without author)
6. Magazine article
7. Newspaper
8. Movie
9. CD-ROM
10. Website
11. Interview

1.    Aemes, David. Kindness You Can Do. New York: Holiday House, 1996.
2.    Belgrave, Amy, ed. Do Another Mitzvah Today!lCambridge, Mass.: Candlewick Press, 1996.
3.    Charity For Children. New York: Holiday House, 1996.
4.    Doheny, Zena. "Torah." World Book Encyclopedia. Volume 12. 
Chicago: World Book, 1997.
5.    "Gemarrah." Encyclopedia Judaica. Volume 19. Danbury, Connecticut: Groliers, 1994.
6.   Gomzu, Paysach. "Lashon Hara Ruins the Game." Sports Illustrated.
           December 15, 1997: 62-67.
7.   "Grandmother Saves Child From Fire." Chicago Tribune. 5 January 1998. Section 1, page 4.
8.    Inside the Third Temple. Hosted by Rabbi Steinmetz. Videocassette. Geulah Video, 1990.
9.    Katz, Mendel. "Moshiach." World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia. CD-ROM.      
          Chicago: World Book, Inc., 1999.
10.  Seven Mitzvahs of Bnei Noach. 26 August 1997. < http://pharos.bu.edu/Egypt/Wonders.>
11.  Todah, Yosef. Interviewed by Shoshannah Todah. Los Angeles, Calif. January, 3, 2000.
Document your
sources with
these easy
forms!

Two Super Simple Automatic Bibliography Makers:

Easybib

Noodle Tools

Encarta Encyclopedia
Infoplease
Library Index
For
general searches,
Use the links below.
Biographies
The Jewish
Virtual Library
Columbia
Encyclopedia
Kids Click
Picture Resources:

Ditto.com

Pics 4 Learning

Animal Pictures

Nature Pictures

NASA
Your bibliography might look like this:

Aemes, David. Dogs Save the World. New York: Holiday House, 1996
Doheny, Zena. "Dogs in the Torah." World Book Encyclopedia. Volume 12.
    Chicago: World Book, 1997.
Gomzu, Paysach. "Dogs in Sports." Sports Illustrated. December 15, 1997: 62-67.
Katz, Mendel. "Working Dogs." Encarta. CD-ROM.  Microsoft, 2000.   
"Space Dogs." Astronauts in Cyperspace 26 August 1997.
    < http://www.space.bu.edu/dogs/Wonders.>
It's a mitzvah to give credit to the person from whom you have learned an idea when you give over that idea to someone else.  It is also required by most teachers that when you copy information or use ideas from a book, magazine, encyclopedia or the internet that you document which sources you used in the form of a bibliography.

Do yourself a BIG favor! As soon as you use a source, write down all of the information you will need from it, such as the www address, the title, author, etc. Click here to print some really easy to use forms to record the information you will need to make your bibliography. If you copy down the information while you are using the source, you will save yourself a lot of time and trouble. If you don't, you may have to spend hours trying to find the book or website that you used when it comes time to make your bibliography. If you use our Document Your Source Forms it will only take a few minutes to make your bibliography.
Click here to return to the Emek Library research page.

Click here to document your sources.

Click here to go to the Holy Sparks Home Page
WHAT'S NEW!





Jewish Spirituality Art  & Books
to illuminate
your life
Tell a friend about this page
Add this page to your favorites.

Would you be
willing to take
10 minutes out
of your busy life
to save the
Jewish people?
Click here.
===============

Change the World
one mitzvah
at a Time!
Click here
to find out how!
===============

Hurry!
Moshiach is coming
any  second!
Find out what the
excitement's all
about & what you
can do to get ready.
Click here.
===============

Fight Terrorism
right now!
Click here for a
free download
of one of the
most powerful weapons in
the universe!
===============
PANIC
BUTTON
B"H
FREE! Become a member of Holy Sparks.
Receive free art and our inspiring newsletter
Soul Tips. We respect your privacy.

   Holy Sparks
       Get inspired to go higher!

Name:
Email:
Document Your Sources
  Holy Sparks
   Get inspired to go higher!

Something very deep
is emerging from our souls.
There is a very intense spiritual process taking place
in the world today. Can you feel it? The overwhelm,
the confusion, the anxiety and increased violence in
the world, -- yet behind it all an exciting feeling of anticipation.

Something amazingly wonderful is about to happen -- the revelation of G-dliness in every aspect of Creation!  We at Holy Sparks are here to help you understand and fulfill your holy purpose at this exciting time at the threshold of redemption.

Be a part of the amazingness.
The world needs what you have to give!
Join Holy Sparks today.













    © 2005-2007 Rae Ekman Shagalov All rights reserved.
    Permission is granted to print text for personal use.
    All art must be purchased before printing.
    Please respect the rights and livelihood of the artist.
    To obtain permission to reprint or use on your website
    Click here to contact us. Please let us know if you
    include Holy Sparks as a link on your site.
Thank you so much.

May you be blessed with success
& only good things!

Receive free art & a free subscription to
the Holy Sparks newsletter, Soul Tips,
to inspire you to fulfill your holy purpose.
We respect your privacy.
It's FREE!

Name:
Email:
Click Here!
Here's how to begin to easily maximize your test and exam performance in exactly ONE HOUR from now. Guaranteed.
Cutting edge music technology offers the secret formula on how to pass your exams with explosive grades, free up tons of leisure time for yourself and get a better paid job at the end of your study.  With no extra effort from you!
Click Here!
Click Here!
Improve Your Decisions In 30 Days...Or Your Money Back!
Revolutionary E-Course shows you how to make better decisions and solve complex problems with 6 simple steps...


What's a Soul Like You
Doing in a World Like This?
A Workbook to Help You Find and Fulfill
Your G-dly Purpose in a Mundane World

Click here to preview and instantly download this book.
Live your holy purpose
with our new E-BOOK today!
   
 
NEW!
Google